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篇名民主轉型及其間對土地之情感模式的變化:BOT案的爭議及其在2014年之金門縣長選舉中的角色
姓名(English Name)劉名峰(Ming-Feng Liu)
中文摘要在2014年的縣長選舉裡,金門出現了意外的結果,不僅李沃士前縣長\r
以非常懸殊且與選前預測完全相反的結果未能連任,過去經常用來解釋金
門選舉的宗族動員模式,其效果也降低了。對於此一現象,本文以選戰期
間具關鍵性地位的BOT案爭議為研究對象,除了解釋何以短時間內選情\r
翻盤,也提出了分析人與土地之間情感的架構:首先透過牟斯的三方交換
模型,在「社會—政治—自然」間的關係裡解釋土地對於社群安全感之生
成的重要性;其次,再發展出兩種情感模式的理念型,即「我群—他者」
的二元模式,與在兩者之外再加上個具權威又能生成信任之第三角的三角
模式,以及人對土地之態度的四種理念型:鄉愁、族產、公共空間,與商
品;接著,配合金門社會強調經濟的慣習,再提出「道德經濟—市場經\r
濟」的對比作為分析架構,並在具體層面上指出民主轉型與戰地政務的解
除,使得「以政治為中心之道德視域」逐漸生成。據此,即指出了反BOT
案的運動,與反國民黨與李沃士陣營結合,其中有的從政治道德所衍生的
公共空間來批評BOT案,也有從「道德經濟/在地性—市場經濟/非在地\r
性」的隱喻裡,以族產的符號來挑戰BOT案,並在選前最後階段翻轉了\r
選情。此一事件再現了民主轉型過程中所生成的「以政治為中心之道德視
域」,逐漸發展出人們對公共性的興趣,並建構了行政機構的「系統性信任」,\r
它使得當地民眾對「道德經濟」裡的「社群」想像,逐漸由血緣
上宗族轉化為地緣上的行政單位,也就是金門。換句話說,此一系統性\r
信任的發展,不僅使得金門人的情感模式從二元向著三角轉化,也解釋\r
了宗族動員逐漸失去效力的原因。
英文摘要The county magistrate election of Kinmen in 2014 was considered to be
unexpected, because the then-incumbent wasn’t re-elected with an overwhelming victory as predicted all the polls one month before the vote, but the result turned out to be opposite. Moreover, the clan-mobilization model failed to explain the election as before. Focusing on the role of BOT during the campaign, this research elaborates four types of attitude about land, which are commodity, clan property, public space, and nostalgia in the first place, and explains their
respective effect for the election in the short term. Also, two modes of emotion are developed, which are the bi-polar mode, defined by the enemy-friend relation, and the triangle mode elaborated along with the democratization. It is because the liberal democracy makes the rule of law, and the respects for the human right settle in town, and leads the state equipped with systematic trust with a positionabove and beyond the enemy-friend relation. As a result, the need for public space grows, and the sense of clan enlarges from the blood-tie to the administrative community: the Kinmen. Not only are the both the result
of democratization, but also the sense of nostalgia, which is the emotional impulse of those living in Taiwan island. These attitudes about land contribute tomobilizing the vote against the BOT which was considered detrimental to the environment. In brief, the democratization makes the clan creed downplay, and the sense of public rise. With the issue of BOT, these changes lead to the dramatic
result of the county election.
頁次117-172
卷期11:2
出版日期2017年12月
中文刊名社會科學論叢
英文刊名Journal of Social Sciences